Need for Religion

13 07 2007

While I condemn a Religion of Rules, I must not be understood to hold the opinion that there is no necessity for a religion. On the contrary, I agree with Burke when he says that, ” True religion is the foundation of society, the basis on which all true Civil Government rests, and both their sanction.” Consequently, when I urge that these ancient rules of life be annulled, I am anxious that its place shall be taken by a Religion of Principles, which alone can lay claim to being a true Religion. Indeed, I am so convinced of the necessity of Religion that I feel I ought to tell you in outline what I regard as necessary items in this religious reform.

N. B :- As can be read from quotation “What is Hindu Religion” Dr. Ambedkar treated Hinduism as set of rules (not of principles) and hence in the above quotation the condemnation and outline of reform are directed towards Hinduism, which he outlines afterwards.

Annihilation of castes. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches





Religion is A Matter of Principles

13 07 2007

I do not know whether you draw a distinction between principles and rules. But I do. Not only I make a distinction but I say that this distinction is real and important. Rules are practical ; they are habitual ways of doing things according to prescription. But principles are intellectual; they are useful methods of judging things. Rules seek to tell an agent just what course of action to pursue. Principles do not prescribe a specific course of action. Rules, like cooking recipes, do tell just what to do and how to do it. A principle, such as that of justice, supplies a main head by reference to which he is to consider the bearings of his desires and purposes, it guides him in his thinking by suggesting to him the important consideration which he should bear in mind. This difference between rules and principles makes the acts done in pursuit of them different in quality and in content. Doing what is said to be, good by virtue of a rule and doing good in the light of a principle are two different things. The principle may be wrong but the act is conscious and responsible. The rule may be right but the act is mechanical. A religious act may not be a correct act but must at least be a responsible act. To permit of this responsibility, Religion must mainly be a matter of principles only. It cannot be a matter of rules.

N.B:- Contiguous with this quote is another quotation-what is hindu religion, in the same paragraph in the book.

Annihilation of castes. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches





Types of Social Reform

13 07 2007

Social reforms fall into different species. There is a species of reform, which does not relate to the religious notion of people but is purely secular in character. There is also a species of reform, which relates to the religious notions of people. Of such a species of reform, there are two varieties. In one, the reform accords with the principles of the religion and merely invites people, who have departed from it, to revert to them and to follow them. The second is a reform which not only touches the religious principles but is diametrically opposed to those principles and invites people to depart from and to discard their authority and to act contrary to those principles. Caste is the natural outcome of certain religious beliefs which have the sanction of the Shastras, which are believed to contain the command of divinely inspired sages who were endowed with a supernatural wisdom and whose commands, therefore, cannot be disobeyed without committing sin. The destruction of Caste is a reform which falls under the third category. To ask people to give up Caste is to ask them to go contrary to their fundamental religious notions. It is obvious that the first and second species of reform are easy. But the third is a stupendous task, well nigh impossible.

Annihilation of castes. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches





God and Religion

6 06 2007

It is wrong to make God the centre of Religion.
N B:- Babasaheb’s understanding from the reading of Tripitaka.

CHAPTER 1- The Creed of Buddha, Buddha or Karl Marx





Religion and Morality

6 06 2007

Man and morality must be the centre of religion. If not, Religion is a cruel superstition.

N B:- Babasaheb understanding from the reading of Tripitaka

CHAPTER 1- The Creed of Buddha, Buddha or Karl Marx





Function of Religion

6 06 2007

The function of Religion is to reconstruct the world and to make it happy and not to explain its origin or its end.

N B:- Babasaheb understanding from the reading of Tripitaka

CHAPTER 1- The Creed of Buddha, Buddha or Karl Marx.





Is priestly class needed ??

6 06 2007

Religion like any other ideololgy can be attained only by propaganda. If propoganda fails, religion must disappear. The priestly class, however detestable it may be, is necessary to the sustenance of religion. For it is by its propoganda that religion is kept up. Without the priestly class religion must disappear.

N B:- This quote must not be used as an arguement for a brahminism as in the later chapters he talks (we will link soon) that limning this(any priestly e.g buddhist monastry) class too rigid was one of the many reasons that Buddhism succumbed to brahminism.

CHAPTER-5- The Decline and Fall of Buddhism, part-III. Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Ancient India, Volume-III. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches